Weimar's the heart of German Enlightenment taking as evidence th intellectual and creative genius that lived in this lovely city: Goethe, Bach, Liszt, Nietzsche, Gropius, Kandinsky, etc. Besides the lovely gardens and old streets, Weimar's also home to the Bauhaus University, where the Bauhaus movement started. Nearby, the Buchenwald concentration camp providence the horrors of the Nazi regime.